Hydrangeas are a popular, reliable, hardy shrub that come in various shades of red, pink, blue and white, with anything from large 'snowball' flowers to huge cones or delicate lace-caps. They can be compact or large shrubs and there's even climbing varieties, so whatever your outdoor space there's sure to be one to suit. Hydrangeas are also very low maintenance plants as long as a few simple rules are followed, so below we have put together some tips on how to plant and care for your hydrangea...
How to plant and care for your Hydrangea
Hydrangeas are a popular hardy shrub that come with a range of growth habits. Some are compact, others can grow into huge forms and there's even climbing varieties. The flower heads can be conical, flat or produce huge globes. The most recognisable varieties are mop-head or lacecap and they come in various shades of blue, red and white, with some even changing colour depending on the ph levels of your soil. Most are ideal for a part of the garden that remains in partial shade and many will flower from summer, right into autumn. With such a range of varieties, there's sure to be one suitable for any space, so here are a few tips on how you can add one of these wonderful shrubs to your garden...
When and Where to plant hydrangeas:
As with many shrubs and perennials, spring and autumn are the best times to plant as the soil is usually warm and moist. These shrubs can be planted any time in the summer but you just have to ensure that the soil remains moist, which in our climate, isn't usually a problem.
They will do best in moist but well drained soil in dappled shade or partial shade and are best kept away from frost pockets or strong drying winds, which can damage the foliage and cause die-back. Any soil type in terms of ph is fine, but as we've already mentioned, some varieties will retain their strong colour or change colour depending on the acidity or alkaline levels in the soil. In general, blue hydrangeas will remain blue in acidic soils or ericaceous compost and pink/red hydrangeas will retain colour in more alkaline soils. If they are planted in the opposite type of soil they will start to change colour and will generally come out in various shades of purple depending on the soil balance.
How to plant hydrangeas:
As hydrangeas like moist soil, if you have a light soil in your garden it is best bulked up with some organic matter such as well-rotted farm-yard manure.
Before removing the plant from it's pot, give the root ball a good soak by giving it a good watering an hour before planting.
Dig a hole, larger than the width of the pot but never plant the hydrangea deeper than its original pot. This is the same rule for shrubs in general. To be sure, you can put the plant, pot and all, into the hole you have dug and just place a stick across the hole to ensure that the top of the pot is level or slightly proud of the surrounding soil. Once you are happy remove the plant from its pot and check the roots. You may have to gently tease some of the roots apart if they are starting to wind around themselves too much i.e. have become 'pot-bound'.
Place your hydrangea in the hole, again ensuring that it is no deeper than it was in the original pot and then backfill. Firm in and then give the plant a good mulch with leaf-mould, compost or well-rotted manure, being sure to keep the mulch an inch or so away from the plant stem to avoid any rot. Water well and ensure the soil is kept fairly moist (not waterlogged) through its first spring and summer.
If you are planting a climbing hydrangea it is best to train them initially using wire or some sort of support to get them started, after which they will make their own way due to self-clinging roots.
Looking after your hydrangea:
Keep well watered through hot weather and if you have a blue variety and want to keep that rich colour, then you are best to use rain-water.
You don't need to feed your hydrangeas as this tends to bring on a mass of foliage at the expense of flowers. A good mulch in the spring will suffice. This makes them pretty easy to maintain.
Pruning will depend on your variety as some generate flowers in new growth, some on old growth and some on both. Incorrect pruning is the most common reasons for people thinking that there is something wrong with their hydrangea as it is not flowering. The pruning regime for the different varieties is:
Hydrangea macrophylla and Hydrangea serrata:
This variety produces flowers on old wood. Pruning is best done in spring when, often, the old flower heads still remain, so this gives an indication of where your new flowers will come from. Look for a set of plump buds just below the dead flower head. This is where the new flowers will come from so cut just above that.
If you want to thin the plant out a little, then you can cut some stems at the base.
Hydrangea paniculata and Hydrangea aborescens:
It is not essential to prune these at all. If left unpruned however you will end up with all the flowers sitting at the top of the plant as these varieties produce flowers on new growth. Again, spring is the best time to do this and you can prune to your desired form, cutting any stem just above a pair of healthy buds.
Hydrangea aspera and Hydrangea quercifolia:
These are unfussy and could just do with a light prune and tidy up in spring, removing any old flower heads or crossing stems.
Hydrangea petiolaris or climbing hydrangea:
Simply cut back the the flowering shoots to a pair of new buds after flowering in summer.
Follow these tips and you will find that hydrangeas face very few problems, are low-maintenance and will bring you joy year after year.